Vocal Production Help Sheet

In by phoenixgreen

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Recording a Vocal

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Recording & Mixing

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Recording Information

Recording Level: Control and monitor levels high but between -12db to -4db avoiding any clipping.
Mic Used: Rode NT1 or AKG C414
Mic Type: Large diaphragm condenser Microphone
Polar Pattern: Cardioid
Mic Placement: About 10cm away from the vocalist’s mouth making sure the mouth is in line with the diaphragm. Use a pop shield to prevent any plosives. Record vocals with a low pass filter on to combat against muddy low sounds.
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Mic Position and Capture:

vocal recording vocal production
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[box style=”blue info rounded shadow”] Considerations: Make sure the singer is always on axis with the microphones diaphragm any turning will result in loss of sound quality. A singer should avoid using lyric sheets during recording. Use closed back headphones pressed firmly against the singers head to avoid any sound spill from the track. Room sound treatment and isolation is vital.
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Mixing a Vocal

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Insert Effects

compression recipes
Vocal compression starting point
Threshold: adjust for 3 to 6dB gain reduction
Ratio: 3:1 or 5:1
Knee: Soft
Attack: 26ms
Release: 300ms
Make up gain:+5db to +10dbvocal compressionVocal Auto Tune starting point:
Scale: Choose the key you are in (this can be done in conjunction with a tuner)
Speed: 50
Tolerance:50Use auto-tune sparingly as can give unnatural sounding textures. Only use when necessary.
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EQ

Vocal EQ recipes
Vocal EQ Starting point:
Band 1: -12db at 150Hz low shelf (Cuts low boomy muddy sounds)
Band 2: -4db at 3.0khz (Q 2.9) (cut without loss of clarity)
Band 3:4db at 12.5khz (Q1.7) (adds air or Breath)

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Send FX

[alertbox bgcolor=”#4d8a83″ bordercolor=”#345c57″ textcolor=”#ffffff”] Reverb:-11db
[/alertbox][alertbox bgcolor=”#4d8a83″ bordercolor=”#345c57″ textcolor=”#ffffff”] Delay: -19db
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[alertbox bgcolor=”#4d8a83″ bordercolor=”#345c57″ textcolor=”#ffffff”] Chorus:-39db
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Levels

vocal mixing levels and panning

 

[/one_sixth_last] [stylebox color=”blue”] Panning:
The main vocal will almost always be in the centre and on top of the mix but any backing vocals will be panned to one side of the mix to add an extra bit of separation from the main vocal. Panning for backing vocals could be Right between R5 to R60.
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[alertbox color=”yellow”] More Resources:
http://ezinearticles.com/?EQ-and-Compression-Techniques-For-Vocals-and-Acoustic-Guitar&id=2487560

http://www.benvesco.com/blog/mixing/2009/mix-recipes-clear-and-present-vocals/
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